ein Angehöriger des gleichnamigen Indianervolks. Synonyme: [1, 2] Muskogee, Creek-Indianer. Beispiele:  „Er war aus England. Mai im Jahre als Verräter von anderen Creek-Indianern erschossen. Mit dem Indianervertreibungsgesetz des Präsidenten Andrew Jackson im Jahr . Indianerstämme der Zivilisierten sind Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, Seminolen. Cherokee Chickasaw Choctaw Creek Seminolen. Cherokee Häuptlinge.
Creek-KriegCreek. Schon vor vielen Jahrhunderten hatten die Indianer im Südosten Nordamerikas eine hohe Stufe der Zivilisation erreicht. Es gab komplexe Gesellschaften.  ein Angehöriger des gleichnamigen Indianervolks. Synonyme: [1, 2] Muskogee, Creek-Indianer. Beispiele:  „Er war aus England. Indianerstämme der Zivilisierten sind Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, Seminolen. Cherokee Chickasaw Choctaw Creek Seminolen. Cherokee Häuptlinge.
Creek Indianer Search form VideoThe Last of the Mohicans - Promontory (Main Theme) Creek Indians were also known as Muskogee. The Creek Indians are one of the Five Civilized Tribes: Creek, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, and Seminole Cultural area is the Southeast United States. Creek Indians The Creek Indians banded together to protect themselves from other bands of Indians. Before the 18th century rolled around, the Creek Indians occupied quite a bit of the southeast United States, what we know now as Georgia and Alabama. They were part of a union that comprised a few other tribes that also lived in the area. No, but some Seminoles are Creek people. The Seminole tribe was originally an alliance between certain Creek, Miccosukee, Hitchiti, Oconee, and other Indian people of northern Florida and southern Georgia. Only some Creek people, not all of them, joined the Seminoles. Where do the Creeks live?. A confederacy of a number of cultural groups, the Creeks, now known as the Muscogee (Creek) Nation, played a pivotal role in the early colonial and Revolutionary-era history of North America. In , author and trader James Adair described the Creek Indians as "more powerful than any nation" in the American South. The history of early Georgia is largely the history of the Creek Indians. For most of Georgia's colonial period, Creeks outnumbered both European colonists and enslaved Africans and occupied more land than these newcomers. Not until the s did the Creeks become a minority population in Georgia.
Creek Indianer du an einem NahkГmpfer mit verschiedenen Creek Indianer interessiert sein, als auch beide Apps fГr iOS und. - Indianerstämme der Zivilisierten sind Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, SeminolenDer Zugang zu den Totenhäusern war nach Abschluss der Bestattungszeremonie verboten. Sie bestanden aus drei Unterstämmen. Weiterhin hatten Casinohuone eine fortschrittliche Landwirtschaft. An den Festtagen wurde ein neues Jahr gefeiert, das mit Kostenlos Sielen, Demut und Dankbarkeit eingeläutet wurde. Die Macht wurde vor allem in weiblicher Linie vererbt. Screven Lt. An extensive series of other land cessions followed, and eventually the Creek economy collapsed. Often, after the mourning period, the widow would marry a Lotto Chancen of her deceased husband. Some of these homes were surrounded by various crops like corn and wheat. Two years later, Congress passed the Oklahoma Indian Welfare Act, providing Indian tribes with a mechanism for incorporating. Divorce was allowed but rarely occurred in families with children; when it did, the woman retained the children and the family possessions. Most Popular Indians. My Hospital Spiel you for posting. During the summer, the population of an entire town gathered at a favorable spot where a stream Risiko Online Multiplayer be dammed or fenced to trap fish. The payment was to individuals listed in the "Old Settlers Roll of ". Such differences in values can cause difficulties Creek Indianer Indians attend white schools.
Some of these homes were surrounded by various crops like corn and wheat. The Creek Indians, for the most part, tried to keep the peace with the white man.
But unfortunately, that peace was not meant to be. Die Muskogee glauben, dass manche Menschen Seelen von anderen Lebewesen oder Geistern einfangen können, um sie für ihre Zwecke zu nutzen.
Die Muskogee-Stämme hatten keine Geisterbeschwörer wie die meisten anderen indianischen Völker Nordamerikas, sondern verfügten über eine differenzierte Priesterschaft Alektca , deren rituelle und politische Macht vom Hiliswa-Besitz abhängig war.
Die Macht wurde vor allem in weiblicher Linie vererbt. Zudem absolvierten die Kandidaten eine längere Ausbildung, um den Ablauf der heiligen Zeremonien und ihre Leitung zu erlernen.
Das rituelle Jahr der Muskogee konzentrierte sich auf vier kalendarische Zeremonien , die den landwirtschaftlichen Zyklus kennzeichneten.
Jede Stadt hielt ihre eigenen Zeremonien ab. Letzteres war die wichtigste Zeremonie und markierte das neue Jahr mit der Wiederentzündung des heiligen Feuers und der allgemeinen Erneuerung der Welt.
Einige Muskogee-Siedlungen feiern diesen zeremoniellen Zyklus weiterhin. Während etwa 20 bis 25 Prozent der Creeks auch heute noch der traditionellen Religion folgen, sind die meisten Christen.
Die Baptisten unter ihnen sind unabhängig von anderen kirchlichen Vereinigungen und stark vom ethnischen Glauben und Riten beeinflusst Synkretismus.
They were and are the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility.
Among these records are:. Creek Agency Oklahoma. Union Agency. Western Superintency. Southern Superintendency. Central Superintendency.
Creek Indians. University of West Florida. Special Collections Department. Creek Nation. Oklahoma Historical Society. Indian Archives Division.
The payment was to individuals listed in the "Old Settlers Roll of ". The Muscogee Nation manages its own hospital to better serve its people.
Creeks experience a relatively high incidence of diabetes, which may be related to the poor economic conditions they have endured in modern times; alcoholism may also play a role.
Most Creeks spoke dialects of the Muskogean language. Braund has asserted that "it was still the English who were forced to learn the melodious Muskogee tongue, for few Creeks expressed any willingness to adopt the harsh and strident tones of their new friends.
In , 72 percent of Creeks over the age of ten could speak English. By , 99 percent of Creek adults could speak English well; 15 percent of them still spoke their native language at home.
Another missionary published a Creek dictionary and grammar book in The language's vowels and their sounds are: "v" as the vowel sound in but , "a" as in sod , "e" as in tin , "o" as in toad , "u" as in put , and "i" as in hate.
Most consonants are pronounced as in English, except that "c" sounds like "ts" or "ch," while "r" sounds like "hl" made by blowing while pronouncing an "l".
Some of the basic words of the Creek language are Hes'ci "hihs-jay" —hello; henk'a "hihn gah" — yes; hek'us "hihg oos" —no; Mvto' "muh doh" — thank you.
Creek society was based on a clan system, with each person's identity determined by the clan of his or her mother. Clan membership governed social interactions, ranging from whom members could joke with to whom they could marry marriage within one's clan was considered incest.
Each town included members from about six clans. The family home was actually a collection of several rectangular buildings constructed of a framework of wood poles, with walls of mud and straw plaster, and a roof of cyprus bark shingles.
These buildings were arranged in a smaller version of the town square, with a courtyard in the center. One building was used for cooking and eating, one for sleeping in winter sleeping and eating were done outdoors in warm weather , and one for storing food supplies.
Another building was provided for women's retreats, used during menstruation as well as for a four-month period at childbirth. Each homesite included a small garden plot where the women of the family raised some vegetables and tobacco.
The town maintained a large field of fertile land for farming, with a section reserved for each family.
The townspeople worked together on the entire field, and at harvest time each family gathered the produce from its section. All were expected to contribute to a communal stockpile that would be used to feed visitors and needy families in the town.
Traditionally, Creeks buried the dead under the earthen floor of the home, though by the late s it was more common to bury them in the churchyard or in a family cemetery near the home.
A widower was expected to mourn his dead wife for four months, during which time he would not bathe, wash his clothes, or comb his hair.
The same mourning practices were required of a widow; she, however, was obligated to mourn for four years. The period of mourning for a widow could be decreased by the dead husband's clan if they so chose.
Often, after the mourning period, the widow would marry a brother of her deceased husband. Although marriages could be arranged by clan leaders, they were usually initiated by the prospective husband, who solicited the permission of the woman's family.
During courtship, the man might woo the woman by playing plaintive melodies on a flute made either of hardwood or a reed.
Sexual activity before marriage was allowed, and it was not unusual for travelers to hire Creek women as bed companions. Once a marriage became final, however, adultery was not tolerated.
Punishment was harsh, including severe beatings and cutting off the hair, ears, and sometimes noses of both offenders.
A woman committing adultery was rejected by her husband and children, but she could marry her lover. When a couple married, the husband went to live with his wife in the home of her parents.
The marriage was finalized only after the husband had built his wife a home and proven his ability to support her by planting and harvesting a crop and successfully hunting game.
During the trial period of the marriage, the couple could decide to separate, and infidelity would not be punished. With the permission of his wife, a man could take a second wife, for whom he provided a separate home.
Divorce was allowed but rarely occurred in families with children; when it did, the woman retained the children and the family possessions.
The father fasted for four days after the birth of his child, and he maintained an interest in his family. Raising the child, however, was primarily the responsibility of the mother and the leader of her clan.
Babies spent their first year secured to cradle boards; boys were wrapped in cougar skins, while girls were covered with deerskins or bison hides.
A daughter was called by a kinship term or named after some object or natural occurrence associated with her birth. A son was called by the name of his totem, such as bird or snake; as he grew, he might be given a nickname based on some personality trait.
At the age of puberty, a boy was initiated into adulthood in his town and was given an actual name. His first name, which served as a surname, was that of his town or clan, while his second, or personal, name was descriptive of something about him.
Creek girls learned from their mothers and maternal aunts the skills they would need as adults. Boys were instructed primarily by their maternal uncles, though they also felt their father's influence.
Christian missionary schools established in were the first to formally educate Creeks in American culture; a few earlier attempts at founding schools had been unsuccessful.
By the late twentieth century, Creek students generally attended public schools, with a few attending boarding schools.
The census found that 65 percent of Creek adults were high school graduates and 11 percent were college graduates.
He was believed to live in an upper realm that had the sky as its floor. The sun, moon, and planets were seen as messengers to this deity.
The Creeks also worshiped animal spirits. The Green Corn Festival was the principal religious celebration. Although many Creek myths have been lost to history, some were documented by Frank G.
Speck in and He reported that the myths told of animal spirits in the sky world who were responsible for the earth's origin. Master of Breath then placed his own innovations on creation, making the earth as it is now.
Speck wrote in Memoirs of the American Anthropological Association: "The Creeks assert that they were made from the red earth of the old Creek nation.
The whites were made from the foam of the sea. That is why they think the Indian is firm, and the white man is restless and fickle. Each Creek town kept certain sacred objects.
The most famous were copper and brass plates held by the town of Tuckabatchee. The five copper plates were oblong, with the largest being about 18 inches by seven inches.
Although one legend indicated that the objects had been given them by the Shawnee, who may have obtained them from the Spanish, the plates were widely believed to have been bestowed on the Creeks by the Master of Breath.
Contact with European cultures brought a succession of missionaries to the Creek people. Gradually, many of the people began to espouse Christianity.
They continued to observe the Green Corn Festival, although those who had become Baptist or Methodist no longer participated in ceremonial dancing.
With this decrease in participation, the festival began to lose its former significance, and it deteriorated into little more than a wild party.
Christianity became dominant among the Creeks after the removal to Oklahoma. Although some missionaries continued to work among them, most Creek churches were led by preachers who emerged from within the community.
As Debo described: "The Creeks had found in Christianity a means of expressing the strong community ties, the moral aspiration, the mystic communion with nature, the deep sense of reverence that had once been expressed by the native ceremonials.
The early Creeks enjoyed a comfortable living based on agriculture and hunting. Their homeland was fertile and game was plentiful. With the emergence of European contacts, the Creek hunting industry changed from a subsistence operation to a commercial enterprise.
Trade expanded, and they began to sell not only venison, hides, and furs, but also honey, beeswax, hickory nut oil, and other produce.
The Mississippian society individuals manufactured earthwork hills in their towns with grass houses. These early Homes of the Creek Indians were manufactured utilizing a system of posts and shafts secured with wattle and wipe mud.
The dividers were then secured by stick mats and a thatched grass rooftop. Print Cite. Facebook Twitter. Give Feedback External Websites.
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The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degreeThe Creek Indians, also known as the Muscogee, lived in the southeast region of the United States, long before explorers and colonists arrived in the area. In the area that is today Georgia and. The Creek Indian tribe are people of the Southeast Native American cultural groups. The geographic elements of the area where they lived on managed the way of life in their home is called Homes of the Creek Indians and society of these Creek Indian people. Jul 14, - Explore Sweet Vampire's board "Creek Indians", followed by people on Pinterest. See more ideas about creek indian, creek nation, native american heritage pins.