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The Mau Mau origin of the name is uncertain advocated violent resistance to British domination in Kenya; the movement was especially associated with the ritual oaths employed by leaders of the Kikuyu Central Association to promote unity in the independence movement.
In the Mau Mau were banned by British authorities, and in October , after a campaign of sabotage and assassination attributed to Mau Mau terrorists, the British Kenya government declared a state of emergency and began four years of military operations against Kikuyu rebels.
By the end of , more than 11, rebels had been killed in the fighting, along with about Europeans and 2, African loyalists. More than 20, other Kikuyu were put into detention camps, where intensive efforts were made to convert them to the political views of the government—i.
Despite these government actions, Kikuyu resistance spearheaded the Kenya independence movement, and Jomo Kenyatta , who had been jailed as a Mau Mau leader in , became prime minister of an independent Kenya 10 years later.
In the ban on the Mau Mau was lifted by the Kenyan government. Mau Mau Article Additional Info. In , after repeated attacks on Europeans, Britain declared a state of emergency and drafted in troops.
Within four years, the conflict claimed c. More than 11, Mau Mau died before the state of emergency ended in Kenya achieved independence in , and elected Jomo Kenyatta , a reputed former member of the Mau Mau, as its first prime minister.
Mau Mau rebellion. The violent, grass-roots resistance movement launched by the Kikuyu and related ethnic groups against the British colonial government in Kenya in the s.
It had its origins in the sense of deprivation felt by the Kikuyu, who had lost much of their land to white settlers. However strong their resentment towards white domination, most educated Kikuyu were anxious to avoid military confrontation.
The movement consequently lacked high-quality leadership and failed to win support from other ethnic groups within the colony.
Its defeat when confronted by trained soldiers and police, though protracted, was inevitable. Kenneth Ingham.
Mau Mau an African secret society originating among the Kikuyu that in the s used violence and terror to try to expel European settlers and end British rule in Kenya.
The British eventually subdued the organization, but Kenya gained independence in The term is Kikuyu, and is probably an application of mau-mau used to describe voracious devouring.
Mau Mau gale. International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. Learn more about citation styles Citation styles Encyclopedia. Mau Mau oxford.
Mau Mau rebellion oxford. More From encyclopedia. Pan Afric… Kwame Nkrumah , Nkrumah, Kwame — Even decades after his death in , Kwame Nkrumah remains a symbol of the movement for African independence that occurred… Julius Nyerere , Nyerere, Julius — When he stepped down as president of Tanzania in , one of the few African rulers ever to relinquish power voluntarily, Juli… African Socialism , Socialism, African There are two basic models of African socialism that represent its variations and development on the continent Rosberg and Callag… Jomo Kenyatta , Kenyatta, Jomo ?
About this article Mau Mau All Sources -. Updated About encyclopedia. Related Topics Kenya. Nationalism and Ethnicity: Africa.
Anticolonial Movements, Africa. Nationalism, Africa. Nationalism: Africa. Weep Not, Child. Anticolonial Movements.
Decolonization, Sub-Saharan Africa. Matzpen Compass, in Hebrew. Its primary goal was the overthrowing British rule and removing European settlers from the country.
Kikuyu were pressured to take the Mau Mau oath by militant nationalists who were opposed by the conservative elements of their society.
While the British believed Jomo Kenyatta to be the overall leader, he was a moderate nationalist threatened by more militant nationalists, who continued the rebellion after his arrest.
Information was filtering in about secret meetings held in the forests outside Nairobi. A secret society called the Mau Mau was believed to have started in the previous year which required its members to take an oath to drive the white man from Kenya.
Intelligence suggested that members of the Mau Mau were restricted at the time to the Kikuyu tribe, many of whom were arrested during burglaries in Nairobi's white suburbs.
The Kenyan government imposed a curfew in three districts on the outskirts of Nairobi where gangs of arsonists, believed to be members of the Mau Mau, were setting fire to the homes of Africans who refused to take the oath.
Senior Chief Waruhiu was assassinated, stabbed to death by a spear in broad daylight on a main road on the outskirts of Nairobi.
He had recently spoken out against increasing Mau Mau aggression against colonial rule. The British government announced that it would send troops to Kenya to help the fight against the Mau Mau.
With the imminent arrival of British troops, the Kenyan government declared a state of emergency following a month of increasing hostility.
More than 40 people were murdered in Nairobi during the preceding four weeks and the Mau Mau, officially declared terrorists, acquired firearms to use alongside more traditional pangas.
British troops were involved in the arrest of over suspected Mau Mau activists. Thirtyfour schools in Kikuyu tribal areas are closed as a measure to restrict the actions of Mau Mau activists.
I'm really quite tough on this. If I had the chance again in the same situation, them killing people, would I go out and kill them again as I did?
Yes sir I would. It has long been suggested that the suppression of the Mau Mau was more brutal in nature than the action taken against other colonial uprisings across the British Empire.
Some historians have posited that white settler pressure on the British government and the characterisation of the Mau Mau fighters as the epitome of savagery may have been behind this.
The Kikuyu themselves were split, with "haves" often siding with the British against Mau Mau "have-nots" and many happy to take the confiscated land of their fellow villagers.
Prof Anderson notes that one of the things marking the battle against the Mau Mau was the number of hangings, with capital offences extended during the emergency to include "consorting" with Mau Mau.
Some attention was paid to allegations of atrocities at the time, with questions asked in parliament about 11 Africans beaten to death in a British camp at Hola.
He suggested at the time that if such killings were to go unpunished Britain did not deserve an empire.
Even though the Mau Mau were thoroughly defeated by , the exact reforms that nationalists had been pressing for before the uprising had started and, by , Kenya was independent.
UK 'not liable' for Kenya abuses. Mau Mau government files released. The Mau Mau fighters were mainly drawn from Kenya's major ethnic grouping, the Kikuyu.
South African Archbishop Desmond Tutu has backed their case.French Belote. Version 1. Die dritte Sonderkarte ist der Bube. Mau-Mau ist ein Kartenspiel für zwei und mehr Spieler, bei dem es darum geht, seine Karten möglichst schnell abzulegen. Die Namen und Regeln sind regional leicht unterschiedlich. Das Spiel ist vor allem in Deutschland, Österreich, Südtirol und. Mau-Mau ist ein Kartenspiel für zwei und mehr Spieler, bei dem es darum geht, seine Karten möglichst schnell abzulegen. Die Namen und Regeln sind regional. Mau-Mau oder Mau Mau bezeichnet: Mau Mau (Band). Band der Neuen Deutschen Welle; Mau Mau (Film), deutscher Film von Uwe Schrader aus dem Jahr. Noris , Mau Mau, das weltbekannte Kartenspiel mit einem originellen Blatt, für 2 bis 6 Spieler ab 6 Jahren: loving-transformation.com: Auto. By the end ofmore than 11, rebels had been killed in the fighting, along with about Europeans and 2, African loyalists. Basically you could get away with murder. During the course of the Mau Mau legal battle in London, a large amount of what was stated to be Farm Spiele Kostenlos Spielen Ohne Anmeldung Deutsch lost X-Tipp Office archival material was finally brought to light, while yet Zypern Euro Münzen was discovered to be missing. The Mau Mau stepped up its attacks on European settlers and Kikuyu, culminating in the attack on the village of Lari in March in which 84 Kikuyu civilians, mainly women and children, were murdered. British troops began to reinforce local forces to try and counter these attacks. The Home Guard. 11/18/ · The Mau Mau was a militant African nationalist movement active in Kenya during the s that aimed to remove British rule and European settlers. The Mau Mau uprising began in as a reaction to inequalities and injustices in British-controlled Kenya. The response of the colonial administration was a .